Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Argentiniformes
(Marine smelts) > Argentinidae
(Argentines or herring smelts)
Etymology: Glossanodon: Greek, glossa = tongue + Greek, anodos = without teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cohen.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 92 - 458 m (Ref. 37473), usually 183 - 366 m (Ref. 37473). Deep-water
Western Atlantic: South Carolina to southern Florida, in the northern Gulf of Mexico, and off Cuba, Nicaragua, Venezuela, and northern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37473)
Inhabits muddy, sand and gravel bottom (Ref. 37473). Sexual maturity reached around 8 cm SL, with female of 7.72 cm SL with ripe eggs and male of 8.66 cm SL with well-developed testes (Ref. 84005).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (20):183 p. (Ref. 3814)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.4 - 20.8, mean 14.9 °C (based on 111 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00165 - 0.00837), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .