Included in the synonymy of Ogcocephalus cubifrons, but as a nomen dubium in the genus Ogcocephalus (Bradbury 2003, Ref. 50473); additional comments following the synonymy (Bradbury 1980:258-259, Ref. 40824). Please send references, or more studies are needed.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 70 m. Subtropical; 30°N - 9°N, 98°W - 60°W
Western Atlantic: southeastern Florida, USA and northeastern Gulf of Mexico to Campeche, Mexico. The name Ogcocephalus cubifrons has been misapplied to this species (Ref. 3814).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
Occurs from water's edge to 70 m depth.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.4 - 28, mean 26.4 (based on 262 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100) .