Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 7.8; dH range: 8 - 25. Temperate; 10°C - 25°C (Ref. 13614)
Europe: Italy and Slovenia from Po to Soca and Reka drainages. Occurrence elsewhere in northern Adriatic basin is possible. Introduced to central and southern Italy.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosed from its congeners in Europe by the following characters: 2-3 scales between anus and anal origin; scales on belly extending forward to a point between pectoral and pelvic bases; absence of longitudinal epithelial crests on predorsal scales (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in small groups in a wide variety of habitats such as large lowland rivers, canals, warm streams and lakes. Avoids very fast waters and usually found on sand bottom (Ref. 59043). A short-lived species which inhabits running clean waters with gravelly or sandy bottoms (Ref. 12291). Preys on a variety of small invertebrates. Life span is about 4 years. Threatened due to pollution, river-bed alterations and competition from introduced Gobio gobio (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs hatch in 7-8 days (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00282 - 0.01229), b=3.14 (2.97 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .