Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
Etymology: Pseudolabrus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, labrax = a fish, Dicentrarchus labrax (Ref. 45335); miles: Specific epithet 'miles' is from the Latin word soldier; referring to the scarlet body color resembling 19th century soldier's uniforms. More on authors: Schneider & Forster.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 4 - 40 m (Ref. 26203), usually 10 - 40 m (Ref. 26203). Temperate
Southwest Pacific: known only from New Zealand including the Snares Islands, Stewart Island, Clatham Islands, and the Three Kings Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26203); 26.9 cm SL (female)
Feeds on small mobile animals, preferably crabs. Searches for food among encrusting organisms and algal holdfasts using the large forward-jutting canine teeth to rake its food from the substratum (Ref. 26966).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Russell, B.C., 1988. Revision of the labrid fish genus Pseudolabrus and allied genera. Rec. Aust. Mus. (Suppl. 9):1-72. (Ref. 26203)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.8 - 16.6, mean 15 °C (based on 24 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00858 - 0.02928), b=2.99 (2.81 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 16.6 [8.1, 30.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.216 [0.121, 0.398] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [15.8, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.324 [0.173, 0.624] g/100g ; Selenium = 7.78 [3.55, 18.64] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 59.1 [12.8, 272.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.709 [0.428, 1.342] mg/100g (wet weight);