Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
Etymology: Labropsis: Greek, labrax, -akos = a fish, Dicentrarchus labrax + Greek,opsis = appearance (Ref. 45335). More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 7 - 55 m (Ref. 2334), usually 7 - 55 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115); 33°N - 24°S
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Samoa, north to Izu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334)
soft rays: 10. Scales on lateral line: 46-49 (+2 past hypural) (Ref. 1602). Juveniles are black with several white pinstripes; females become lighter dorsally, and males develop golden centered scales, blue lines on the face, and a wedge-shaped white area in the center of the tail (Ref. 1602).
Uncommon inhabitant of coral-rich areas of clear outer lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 1602). May form small groups (Ref. 90102). Males generally solitary (Ref. 9710). Juveniles are cleaners while adults feed on coral polyps (Ref. 1602).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.9 - 28.8, mean 27.6 °C (based on 554 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00468 - 0.01779), b=3.06 (2.90 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.55 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 96.1 [56.9, 195.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.857 [0.520, 1.449] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [15.6, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.153 [0.093, 0.242] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.5 [16.5, 49.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 92.4 [31.2, 300.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.02 [1.37, 3.51] mg/100g (wet weight);