Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 15; non-migratory. Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 13614)
South America: Oyapock River basin and adjacent coastal basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139); 9.0 cm TL (female)
Very territorial. Also shows a hierarchical social structure (Ref. 35237). Occurs in stagnant waters where the current is slow and the substrate is thickly covered with dead leaves. Adults inhabit slow streams while most juveniles are found in scattered pools (Ref. 35237). Sympatric with other Rivulus spp. (Ref. 27188). Not a seasonal killifish. Is very difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139). Hundreds of eggs, measuring 2.8 mm, are released during spawning and are subject to 3 months of diapause stage if required by local conditions. Hatching occurs after 2 to 3 weeks (Ref. 35237).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Females can produce over 100 eggs of 2.8 mm diameter. The eggs can witstand a diapause of 3 months.
Costa, W.J.E.M., 2003. Rivulidae (South American Annual Fishes). p. 526-548. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36579)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00523 - 0.02196), b=3.07 (2.88 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .