Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Chlorurus: Greek, chloros = green + Greek oura = tail (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 25 m (Ref. 9710), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-West Pacific: Seribu Islands, Indonesia and Similan islands, Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2689)
Inhabits clear shallow seaward reefs, in areas with high coral cover (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Bellwood, D.R., 1994. A phylogenetic study of the parrotfishes family Scaridae (Pisces: Labroidei), with a revision of genera. Rec. Aust. Mus. Suppl. 20:1-86. (Ref. 11064)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.4 - 29.3, mean 28.9 °C (based on 1286 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00674 - 0.03099), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 37.8 [14.7, 100.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.65 [0.27, 1.75] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [16.6, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.1 [0.0, 0.2] g/100g ; Selenium = 38 [14, 111] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 25.6 [8.1, 81.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.5 [1.0, 4.5] mg/100g (wet weight);