Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Randall & Choat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 55 m (Ref. 2334), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
South Pacific: subtropical Pacific from the Great Barrier Reef to Pitcairn.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334)
Inhabits seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Feeds on benthic algae (Ref. 89972).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall, 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97. (Ref. 35918)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.9 - 26.9, mean 26 °C (based on 78 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00687 - 0.03186), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 28.3 [15.9, 52.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.22 [0.71, 2.20] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [17.3, 21.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.137 [0.081, 0.226] g/100g ; Selenium = 9.5 [5.0, 17.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 15 [4, 58] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.81 [1.19, 2.69] mg/100g (wet weight);