Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Pseudocetonurus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, ketos = marine monster, whale + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335); septifer: From the strongly-developed and distinct septa in the postorbital seismosensory canal (Ref. 41160).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 340 - 950 m (Ref. 9949). Deep-water
Northwest Pacific: Taiwan (Ref. 54421). Eastern Pacific: Nazca and Sala y Gomez ridges and Hawaiian Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9949)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Seven branchiostegal rays. Head notably large and broad; preopercle and suborbital bones deep and large, opercle commensurately small; orbit small, 19%-30% HL, diameter much less than broad interorbital; snout high, slightly projecting beyond mouth. Mental barbel small, 10% or less of HL. Gill opening wide, extending forward to below hind end of maxilla; gill membranes loosely and narrowly attached to isthmus. Gill rakers usually 16-17 on inner series of 1st arch. Teeth small, close-set, in narrow tapered band on premaxilla, uniserial on dentary. Scales with numerous small, awl-shaped spinules; no reticulations on anterior field; lateral line scales absent, a series of dark papillae in their place. Vent about halfway between pelvic fin insertion and anal fin origin (usually closer to pelvic insertion), surrounded by a black, oval to teardrop-shaped naked area and preceded by a small, round dermal window of light organ between pelvic fin bases. Pyloric caeca short, 22-24. Color black to dark brown overall (Ref. 54421).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sazonov, Y.I. and T. Iwamoto, 1992. Grenadiers (Pisces, Gadiformes) of the Nazca and Sala y Gomez ridges, southeastern Pacific. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 48(2):27-95. (Ref. 9949)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.5 - 5.7, mean 5.1 (based on 18 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00095 - 0.00502), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .