Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Aplodactylidae
Etymology: Aplodactylus: Greek, aploe, -es = simplicity + Greek, daktylos = finger (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - 10 m (Ref. 9002), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Southwest Pacific: southeastern Australia only.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33616)
soft rays: 6 - 7;
Vertebrae: 35. Adults have a short-based anal fin, pectoral fins with thickened lower rays, and are grey to blue-black with lighter mottling on the sides and light spots on the fins (Ref. 33616). It is distinguished from its congeners in having larger body scales (lateral-line scales 72± 82 vs. 83± 120) and absence of vomerine teeth (Ref. 86913).
Found on shallow exposed rocky shores, aggregating in high-energy zone, just below foaming surface to depths of about 10 m (Ref. 9002); in kelp and weed areas (Ref. 86913). Feed on either loose or attached weeds and algae (Ref. 9002); mainly consisting of Corallina pilulifera,
together with smaller quantities of Ulva actuca, Jania and filamentous species such
as Sphacelaria sp. (Ref. 86913).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 2000. Review of the southern temperate fish family Aplodactylidae (Pisces: Perciformes). J. Nat. Hist. 34(1):2157-2171. (Ref. 86913)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.6 - 27.5, mean 25.5 °C (based on 400 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00190 - 0.01153), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 92.9 [47.8, 195.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.37 [0.80, 2.39] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.5, 19.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.204 [0.119, 0.353] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.1 [18.7, 86.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.45 [1.26, 15.83] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.09 [0.71, 1.66] mg/100g (wet weight);