Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Rüppell.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 12468)
Africa: Nile River, Volta basin (Ref. 2801, 2940), Lakes Chad, Albert, Edward (Ref. 2801), Benué River (Ref. 2801, 2940, 81282), Chad and Niger basin (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2940)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: last simple dorsal-fin ray smooth on hind margin; scale formula 4.5-5.5/27-32/4.5; 2.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 12-14 scales around caudal peduncle; 7-8 branched dorsal fin rays; two pairs of barbels; anterior barbell not reaching to anterior margin of eye/not extending beyond centre of eye; posterior barbel reaching to, or extending beyond, posterior half of eye; lateral line complete and deeply depressed below dorsal fin; 4-6 short and widely spaced gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch; maximum reported size 89 mm SL; 3 small, independent, round spots on sides; 2nd spot located slightly behind vertical line from last simple dorsal-fin ray; average distance centres 2nd-3rd spot/distance centres 1st-2nd spot (= RDT) is over 1.4 (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Three forms exist: West African typical form, Lepidus form with supplementary spots between 3 typical spots and larvae form with numerous aligned points (Ref. 2940).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lévêque, C., 1990. Cyprinidae. p. 269-361. In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Tome I. Coll. Faune Tropicale n° XXVIII. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, and O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, 384 p. (Ref. 2940)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00546 - 0.02648), b=2.96 (2.78 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .