Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pseudochromidae
(Dottybacks) > Congrogadinae
Etymology: Congrogadus: Latin, conger = conger + Latin, gadus = a fish, perhaps cod (Ref. 45335); winterbottomi: Named in honor of Rick Winterbottom, in recognition of his important contributions to the systematics and biogeography of congrogadines and other fishes, and in appreciation of his support and encouragement (Ref. 42960). More on authors: Gill, Mooi & Hutchins.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 58018). Subtropical; 22°S - 21°S, 115°E - 116°E (Ref. 51685)
Eastern Indian Ocean: a very restricted distribution in Western Australia (21°29'S), from the Exmouth Gulf northwards to the Onslow region (Ref. 51685).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42960)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 47 - 50;
Vertebrae: 63 - 65. Dorsal fin rays usually I,59 or I,60; anal fin rays usually 48 or 49; dark spot on operculum, none on shoulder; gill membranes fused ventrally with posterior margin free from isthmus; lateral line single, short anterodorsal section; teeth in outer row of dentary and premaxilla 14-21; and cheek with short dark bar extending from posteroventral edge of eye towards lower tip of preopercle (Ref. 42960).
Adults are found in rocky mud pools (Ref. 42960), in limestone reefs, with Sargassum and mainly sandy or muddy bottoms (very little coral) in less than 1 m depth (Ref. 51685).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gill, A.C., R.D. Mooi and J.B. Hutchins, 2000. Description of a new subgenus and species of the fish genus Congrogadus Günther from western Australia (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Rec. Western Aust. Mus. 20:69-79. (Ref. 42960)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.53 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .