Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Hybognathus: Greek, ybos, -e, -on = curved + Greek, gnathos = jaw; with bulging jaw (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
North America: Rio Grande drainage (including Pecos River) in Texas and New Mexico, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798)
Inhabits pools and backwaters of low-gradient creeks and small to large rivers (Ref. 86798). Oviparous, open substratum spawners (Ref. 205, 35784).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
The pelagic-broadcast spawning behavior consisted of males pursuing a single female and nudging her abdominal region. When the female was ready to spawn, a single male wrapped around the female at which time eggs and milt were simultaneously expelled. Reproduction usually consisted of several individual spawning episodes with at least 10-min intervals between events (Ref. 35784).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
Endangered (EN) (B1ab(iii,v)c(iv)+2ab(iii,v)c(iv)); Date assessed: 14 February 2012
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00311 - 0.01538), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .