Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Toxotidae
Etymology: Toxotes: Greek, toxotes = bowman (Ref. 45335); kimberleyensis: Named kimberleyensis with reference to the type locality. Restricted to the Kimberley region based on major surveys conducted over the past 3 decades in northern Australia.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Oceania: Kimberley region, western Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27655)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 14 - 16. Dorsal rays V,11-13 (usually 11-12); longest (fourth and fifth) dorsal-fin spines about equal in length and shorter than longest soft dorsal ray in adults; anal rays III,14-16 (usually 15); pectoral rays 12-13; tubed lateral-line scales 28-33 (usually 30-31); diagnostic color markings consisting of 4-5 wedge-shaped black bars or saddles without intervening small spots (Ref. 27655).
Strictly restricted to freshwater areas, penetrating well inland or approximately 300 km upstream from the sea (Ref. 27655). Occurs in deeper pools where its swims near the surface, patrolling the shoreline for insects (Ref. 27655).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 2004. Toxotes kimberleyensis, a new species of archerfish (Pisces: Toxotidae) from fresh waters of Western Australia. Rec. Aust. Mus. 56(2):225-230. (Ref. 27655)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00629 - 0.04379), b=3.00 (2.78 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .