Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Xyrichtyinae
Etymology: Novaculops: Latin, novacula = razor + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335); koteamea: Name from the Rapanui word for the fish; 'kotea' is generic for 3 species of wrasses, and 'mea' means red.. More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 50 - 250 m (Ref. 57578). Subtropical
Southwest Pacific: currently known only from Easter Island, but might be present from southern subtropical islands to the west such as Pitcairn Islands and Rapa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.9 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 89467)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Dorsal rays IX,12; anal rays III,12; pectoral rays 13. Lateral-line scales 20 + 5. Head naked except for one or two small partly embedded scales dorsally on opercle. Gill rakers 16-18. Body depth 2.6-2.75 in SL. Dorsal profile of snout forming an angle of about 50°, front of head with a slight median ridge. Origin of the dorsal fin a little posterior to preopercular margin; first dorsal spine flexible, slightly longer than second spine, 4.05-4.15 in head length; space between first two dorsal spines two-thirds space between second and third spines. Caudal fin slightly rounded. Pectoral fins short, 1.6-1.7 in HL. Body bright red, edges of scales darker red; membranes of spinous portion of dorsal fin bluish gray, each with a black spot; each of first three membranes of soft portion of fin with a faint black spot (Ref. 57578).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E. and G.R. Allen, 2004. Xyrichtys koteamea, a new razorfish (Perciformes: Labridae) from Easter Island. Raffles Bull. Zool. 51(1):251-255. (Ref. 57578)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.8 - 12.2, mean 12 (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .