Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Cichla: Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335); thyrorus: Name from the Greek noun 'thyroros', doorkeeper or porter, referring to the geographical distribution in the Cachoeira Porteira, the Portuguese word porteira meaning gate or entrance.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57716)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosis: Most similar to its congeners jariina, pinima, temensis, and vazzoleri, in having rows of distinct light spots along the side, and presence of large ocellated blotches replacing vertical bars in adults. Scales in E1 row 77-90 (vs. 95-114 in vazzoleri, 100-108 in jariina, 98-128 in temensis, and 96-108 intermedia). The lateral line is usually continuous (vs. discontinuous in melaniae and mirianae, usually discontinuous in pinima, piquiti, and vazzoleri). Vertical bars 1-3 complete in subadults and expressed as vertical row of ocellated blotches in adults (three in bars 1 and 2, two in bar 3, latter including small blotch close to dorsal fin base (vs. typically vertical bars represented by ocellated blotch close to dorsal fin, and vertical ocellated marking extending ventrally from middle of side in C. vazzoleri, and dorsal blotches in bars 1 and 2 typically absent from C. pinima). The dark blotch on anterodorsal process of subopercle is usually present in large adults, shared with C. jariina and C. vazzoleri (vs. absent from C. pinima and C. temensis) (Ref. 57716).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kullander, S.O. and E.J.G. Ferreira, 2006. A review of the South American cichlid genus Cichla, with descriptions of nine new species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 17(4):289-398. (Ref. 57716)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00593 - 0.02930), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .