Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Percoidei
(Perchs) > Percidae
(Perches) > Luciopercinae
Etymology: Zingel: German, Zingel = any percoid fish of genus Aspro; 1803 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 49°N - 43°N, 3°E - 9°E
Europe: Rhône drainage, except Lake Geneva basin (France, Switzerland). Originaly widespread, but following habitat alterations, distribution is now much fragmented and restricted. Main subsisting populations in the middle Doubs (France, Switzerland) and Durance and Ardeche (southern France).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); max. published weight: 100.00 g (Ref. 30578)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 8 - 13;
soft rays: 8 - 12;
Vertebrae: 43 - 45. The presence of 57-65 + 3-6 scales along lateral line distinguishes uniquely this species from its congeners. Can be further separated from other species by the combination of the following characters: first dorsal fin with 8-9 spines; second dorsal fin with 1-2 simple and 9-12½ branched rays; scaleless cheeks (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 17 soft rays (Ref. 40476).
A short-lived species reported to live in fast-flowing rivers with a gravel substrate (Ref. 30578). Occurs in main course of rivers and large streams and in riffles. Found on stone bottom (Ref. 59043). Lurks on the bottom during the day and comes out for crepuscular feeding (Ref. 11941). Feeds on aquatic invertebrates. Larvae feed on plankton under surface, then at about 2.5 cm SL, they move to benthic habitats. Attains first sexual maturity at 2-4 years of age. Spawns in deeper parts of riffles. Deposits on gravel strongly adhesive eggs, 2.2 mm in diameter, which hatch in about 14 days at 13° C (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction and pollution (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Probably spawns as Zingel streber over gravel.
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00228 - 0.00959), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .