Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335); debelius: Named for Helmut Debelius in recognition of the effort he made in obtaining the type specimen.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory, usually 15 - 30 m (Ref. 80667). Tropical; 28°N - 27°N, 33°E - 34°E
Red Sea: Egypt, Hurghada, Erg Camel. Apparently endemic in the Red Sea (Ref. 80667).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80667)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4. Very small (height 19.2mm, SL 23.7mm); 10 trunk rings; 28 tail rings; inferior and ventral trunk ridges well ossified; 14 dorsal fin rays; 10-11 pectoral fin rays; 4 anal fin rays; brooding area in males posterior to anal fin; medium length snout with a bulbous tip; low, angular coronet; gill opening separate, midway between pectoral fin base and dorsal midline; prominent, long and slender spines on head, trunk and tail; filaments or cirrhi absent; white background, mostly obscured by numerous close-set, brown lengthwise stripes or striations, tips of many of the spines dark brown to black, anterior trunk spines also with dark band centrally (Ref. 80667).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
Gomon, M.F. and R.H. Kuiter, 2009. Two new pygmy seahorses (Teleostei: Syngnathidae: Hippocampus) from the Indo-West Pacific. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 15(1):37-44. (Ref. 80667)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00176 - 0.01137), b=3.00 (2.78 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .