Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Hisonotus: Greek, isos = equal + Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335); leucophrys: The species epithet leucophrys, from the Greek leucos, white and ophrys, eyebrow, referring to the white longitudinal stripe above eye orbit in the species. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 27°S - 28°S, 51°W - 53°W
South America: Brazil. Known only from two tributaries of the right margin of the upper rio Uruguay, the rio Ariranhas and the rio Rancho Grande (Ref. 80996).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80996)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Hisonotus leucophrys differs from its congeners, except Hisonotus montanus, by having comparatively broader light stripes on dorsolateral surface of head, from snout tip to posterior end of compound pterotic (wider than pupil diameter) vs. narrow light stripes on dorsal surface of head extended from snout tip to posterior end of compound pterotic, or no longitudinal stripes in that region. Hisonotus leucophrys differs from Hisonotus montanus by having the snout covered with odontodes, without an odontode-free band vs. anterior portion of snout with an odontode-free band; and by having an infraorbital canal entering the infraorbital series via the sphenotic vs. infraorbital canal entering the infraorbital series via the compound pterotic (Ref. 80996).
This species inhabits median to fast flowing watercourses of clear water, with stones and sand on the bottom, and are found in aquatic, partially submersed, vegetation islands composed by grass (Ref. 80996).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Carvalho, T.P. and R.R. Reis, 2009. Four new species of Hisonotus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the upper rio Uruguay, southeastern South America, with a review of the genus in the rio Uruguay basin. Zootaxa 2113:1-40. (Ref. 80996)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00225 - 0.01343), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.1 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .