Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Hypostomus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335); yaku: The specific name is from the Tupi Guarani language, dialect Mbyá, y means water, and raku means hot, warm, in reference to the name of the rio Quente, a warm water river. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 34°C - ? (Ref. 97842)
South America: Rio Quente, rio Paranaíba drainage, in the upper rio Paraná basin in
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97842)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5;
Vertebrae: 27 - 28. Hypostomus yaku can be diagnosed from all congeners by having the five lateral series of plates with hypertrophied odontodes, not aligned in longitudinal rows, more conspicuous on flanks of caudal peduncle of the larger specimens (vs. lateral series of plates without hypertrophied odontodes or with aligned hypertrophied odontodes only along the longitudinal keels) (Ref. 97842).
The type locality, Rio Quente, has a width of about 3 m and depth of 1.0-1.5 m, moderate flow and bottom with sand, pebbles and rocks. Associated mainly with rocks. Seems to be restricted to warm waters. Collected together with Characidium xanthopterum, Characidium aff. zebra, Knodus moenkhausii, an undescribed species of a putatively new genus of the Characidae, and the exotic Xiphophorus helleri and Oreochromis niloticus (Ref. 97842).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Martins, F.O., F. Langeani and C.H. Zawadzki, 2014. A new spiny species of Hypostomus Lacépède (Loricariidae: Hypostominae) from thermal waters, upper rio Paraná basin, central Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. (Ref. 97842)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00651 - 0.03520), b=2.92 (2.74 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .