Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes
(Shovelnose rays) > Rhinidae
Etymology: Rhynchorhina: Composite name from Rhynchobatus and Rhina indicating that the new genus exhibits features of both genera - with Rhynchobatus-like body with a rounded snout similar to Rhina.; mauritaniensis: Named for the country Mauritania, its type locality,.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species with a heavy shark-like body is distinguished by the following: head somewhat flattened; snout tip broadly rounded to somewhat quadrangular; tail with a dermal fold along each lower edge; large and falcate dorsal fins 2; caudal fin with distinct upper and lower lobes; conspicuous dermal folds 2 on posterior margin of spiracles; nostrils are very large and
oblique, and are separated from each other and from the mouth; anterior nasal flap is small (not extending to inner nostril corner); jaws moderately undulated; with about 66/72 rows of oral teeth arranged in pavement; a row of pointed thorns along each rostral ridge, 2/3 additional thorns may occur on snout tip; a single row of thornlets and thorns in front of orbit extending backward to level of spiracles; a median row of about 36 large, pointed thorns from the nape to
first dorsal fin and 6 between dorsal fins, median thorns flanked by two other shorter rows on the nape-shoulder area, additional short rows of thorns may be present on the outer shoulders; body covered with small dermal denticles, the crowns with a median posterior cusp, an extension from the median ridge, and short lateral cusp; dorsal side greyish to greenish with numerous white ocelli-like spots; a large black transverse blotch on ventral snout tip (Ref. 109576). Resembles Rhynchobatus lubberti in having a similar colour pattern, but differs in having a more broadly rounded snout (similar to that of the shark-ray Rhina ancylostoma (Ref. 109576).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Séret, B. and G.J.P. Naylor, 2016. Rhynchorhina mauritaniensis, a new genus and species of wedgefish from the eastern central Atlantic (Elasmobrachii: Batoidea: Rhinidae). Zootaxa 4138(2):291-308. (Ref. 109576)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00165 - 0.00837), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives