Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Eviota: No etymology given, suggested by Christopher Scharpt: from Latin 'eu' for 'true' and 'iota' for anything very small, in combination 'truly very small' referring to it as being the smallest vertebrate at the time it has benn described by Jenkins (thus, making the suggestion by Scharpt plausible.; rubra: Specific name refers to its red coloration.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 12 - 29 m (Ref. 113727). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaii.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 113727)
Morphology | Morphometrics
spines: 7-9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: rugose genital papillae in both sexes; no IT pores; POP pores present; 5th pelvic fin ray small, unbranched, about 1/10 length of 4th ray (usually poorly ossified and not easy to see); anterior-most branch of 4th pelvic ray elongate, with at least 9 segments; D1 spines not prolonged as filaments. pectoral fin rays 9-16 may be branched; absence of dark ventral-midline spots or mid-peduncular subcutaneous spot towards midbase of caudal fin; (Ref. 38034).
A miniature, deep-water species collected at ledge and spur and groove habitats from 12.2-28.7 m and 9.4-10.4 m depths. This species co=exist with Eviota epiphanes in the spur and groove habitat at 12.2-15.2 m but not shallower. It is one of the smaller Eviota species with females having mature eggs at 1.1 cm SL size (Ref. 38034).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenfield, D.W. and R. Winterbottom, 2016. A key to the dwarfgoby species (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota) described between 1871 and 2016. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 24:53-57. (Ref. 113727)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00267 - 0.01297), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .