Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Barbus: Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335); karunensis: Named for the type locality, the Karun River. An adjective.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Asia: Karun River drainage in Iran.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115584)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 9. Barbus karunensis is distinguished from other members of Barbus lacerta group by having a well-developed middle pad of the lower lip (vs. poorly developed or absent). It differs from B. cyri by having a thin upper lip (upper lip width 4-6 %HL vs. 7-9 % HL), and from B. lacerta by having a shorter anal fin; the tip of the anal fin is not reaching or reaching to about the middle of the distance between the base of the last anal-fin ray and the lower caudal-fin origin when pressed to the body (vs. reaching beyond middle, often to caudal-fin base); scale rows between the tip of the anal fin and the base of the caudal fin 5-9, mode 6 (vs. 0-3, mode 2). It can be differentiated from B. miliaris by having 59-66+2-4 (mode 61) scales in the lateral line (vs. 69-87+3-5); 26-29 (mode 26) circumpeduncular scales (vs. 28-35); maxillary barbels not reaching the middle of the eye (vs. reaching beyond), and a longer snout (eye diameter 2.7-3.5 times in snout length vs. 2.3-2.6 or eye diameter 27-35% snout length vs. 23-26%) (Ref. 115584).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Khaefi, R., H.R. Esmaeili, M.F. Geiger and S. Eagderi, 2017. Taxonomic review of the cryptic Barbus lacerta species group with description of a new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). FishTaxa 2(2):90-115. (Ref. 115584)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00350 - 0.01498), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .