Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Ancistrinae
Etymology: Lithoxus: Greek, lithos = stone + Greek, oxys = sharp (Ref. 45335); raso: The specific name raso,/i> is used in reference to the type locality, the igarapé Balneário Raso, a tributary of the rio Amapá, Atlantic coastal drainage. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
South America: Rio Raso, rio Amapá basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118148)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Lithoxus raso is distinguished from all its congeners, with the exception of L. pallidimaculatus, by having large light spots all over the body, spots similar in size with orbit diameter, (vs. light spots over the body absent or light spots very small, similar to size of a tooth, covering only the dorsal portion of the head in L. boujardi); from L. surinamensis and L. pallidimaculatus by possessing an adipose fin (vs. adipose fin absent); from L. lithoides and L. jantjae by having five branched rays in the anal fin (vs. four); and from L. jantjae by having 14 branched rays in the caudal fin (vs. 12). In addition, Lithoxus raso is distinct from L. bovallii by having a lower premaxillary tooth cup length, 3.3-4.0% HL (vs. 4.2-10.4% HL); from L. boujardi by having a greater adipose-spine length, 7.2-8.1% SL (vs. 3.6-4.7% SL), and a greater dorsal adipose-caudal distance, 13.1-14.6% SL (vs. 10.3-11.7% SL); from L. planquettei by smaller caudal peduncle depth, 8.4- 8.6% SL (vs. 9.7-10.5% SL); and from L. stocki by having an enlarged and widened cusp of medial premaxillary teeth (vs. cusps of all premaxillary teeth similar in size, not enlarged), and by having a shorter cleithral width, 30.9-31.2% SL (vs. 32.6-34.2% SL) (Ref. 118148).
Inhabits small- to medium-sized rivers with rocks and sand on the bottom (Ref. 118148).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Silva, G.S.C., R. Covain, C. Oliveira and F.F. Roxo, 2017. Description of two new species of Lithoxus (Hypostominae: Loricariidae) from rio Jari and rio Amapá basins, Brazillian Guiana shield. Zootaxa 4347(1):151-168. (Ref. 118148)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00369 - 0.01635), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .