Gouania pigra, Piglet sucker

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Gouania pigra (Nardo, 1827)

Piglet sucker
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drawing shows typical species in Gobiesocidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiesociformes (Clingfishes) > Gobiesocidae (Clingfishes and singleslits) > Lepadogastrinae
Etymology: Gouania: From Antoine Gouan, in Montpellier was the author of a "Historia piscium" (Ref. 45335);  pigra: Name from Latin adjective masculine singular nominative 'piger' in Lepadogaster piger Nardo 1827, meaning slow-moving. It was changed to 'pigra' in Gouania pigra which is an adjective feminine singular nominative, following the necessity of agreement in gender (Article 31.2, ICZN, 1999)..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal. Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Mediterranean: Adriatic Sea endemic.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 123696)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 39 - 40. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: dorsal head profile in lateral view 'S' curved, concave above the eye and convex at the nape; posterior angle of jaws extends to, or close to, vertical line drawn through anterior edge of anterior nostril; infraorbital invagination below anterior half of eye or below mideye; posterior opercular edge with 2 tips, the upper longer or equal to lower; longitudinal infralateral and suborbital transversal rows of superficial neuromasts located in the well-defined deep groove; body cross-section behind pectoral fin base half oval to pentagonal with a straight ventral side; body granules shallow and inconspicuous; pectoral rays 13-16; upper attachment of disc membrane attached to base of pectoral fin at 12th-15th pectoral ray; principal caudal rays 10-11; head length 19.5-22.9% of SL: pectoral-fin length 5.6-7.5% of SL; prepectoral distance 19.5-23.4% of SL; ventral adhesive disc length, 12.1-14.6% of SL; caudal-fin length 11.1-12.7% of SL; large total number of vertebrae 39-40; pharyngeal jaws with elongated ceratobranchial 5, with several larger elongated conical teeth; nasal bones hook-shaped; star-like pigmentation around eyes absent, pigmentation generally reduced (Ref. 123696).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits intertidal pebble beaches, where it might be found even above the waterline during low tide, and rarely occurs in fields of larger boulders (Ref. 123696).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Williams, Jeffrey T. | Collaborators

Wagner, M., M. Kovačic and S. Koblmüller, 2021. Unravelling the taxonomy of an interstitial fish radiation: Three new species of Gouania (Teleostei: Gobiesocidae) from the Mediterranean Sea and redescriptions of G. willdenowi and G. pigra. J. Fish Biol. 98(1):64-88. (Ref. 123696)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00196 - 0.01281), b=3.11 (2.89 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .