Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 18 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: from the East African coast (Mozambique) and Seychelles, Aldabra, and Chagos; the East Indian region; southward to Australia; north to Japan and Micronesia (Palau, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, and Kiribati [Line Islands]), and east to French Polynesia (Society Islands).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Characterized by semi-transparent, greenish-brown body with about six faint, internal dark bars; scale margins narrow orange-brown; short brown bars across top of head and along upper back; presence of dark internal blotches above anal fin and lower edge of caudal peduncle; upper portion of caudal peduncle with large black spot; eleventh to fifteenth pectoral rays usually branched; ctenoid scales, absent on head, nape and pectoral fin base; longitudinal scale series 23-24; separated pelvic fins, thin membrane joining bases; rudimentary fifth pelvic ray; average of 6-7 branches on fourth pelvic ray; depth of body 3.6-4.2 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Inhabits shallow coral reefs to about 10 m (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.2 (based on 2315 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00300 - 0.01455), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .