Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 12 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical; 23°N - 24°S
Western Pacific: southwestern Thailand to Vanuatu, north to southern Taiwan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef; including New Caledonia, Vanuatu and Tonga.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
soft rays: 7 - 9. Characterized by semi-translucent grey or greenish color with intense dark spots on head; scale margins narrow brown to reddish; about six internal brown bars; base of pectoral fin with pair of dark brown spots; longitudinal scale series 23-25; ctenoid scales, absent on head, nape, breast and pectoral fin base; separated pelvic fins, thin membrane joining bases; depth of body 4.1-5.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Occurs at Belau's rock islands. Inhabits rubble and algal-covered patches of dead reef in 1-6 m (Ref 90102). Benthic (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.4 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 2280 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00300 - 0.01455), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .