Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Grammistinae
Etymology: Grammistops: Greek, gramma, atos = signal, mark + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335). More on author: Schultz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 30 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N - 18°S
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands and south to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Found on coral heads of lagoon and seaward reefs from 3 to at least 15 m (Ref. 1602). Solitary or in pairs, seldom seen (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.4 - 28.9, mean 27.9 °C (based on 198 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00162 - 0.01121), b=3.17 (2.94 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 128 [68, 264] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.693 [0.406, 1.210] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.1, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.126 [0.071, 0.231] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.5 [15.7, 65.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 128 [41, 428] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.62 [1.03, 2.51] mg/100g (wet weight);