Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Diaphinae
Etymology: Diaphus: Greek, dis, dia = through + Greek, physa, phyo = to beget, to have as offspring (Ref. 45335). More on author: Ogilby.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 1500 m (Ref. 50610). Deep-water; 50°N - 58°S, 78°W - 153°W
Eastern Atlantic: Western Sahara to Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (Agulhas Water pockets). Western Atlantic: USA to Argentina; between 27°30'N and 35°56'S (Ref. 47377). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Eastern Pacific: Near Hawaii. Western Pacific: 36°N and 1°S southwards to East Australian Current. Western Indian Ocean: west of 70°E between 7°N-25°S, and in Agulhas Current to 37°S. South China Sea (Ref.74511).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 7.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
Oceanic, found between 375-750 m during the day and nyctoepipelagic at surface down to 125 m (Ref. 4479). Mesopelagic at 0-240 m at night, 315-1500 m during day (Ref. 58302). Seem to reach sexual maturity at a length between 5 and 5.5 cm (Ref. 47377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.7 - 18, mean 11 °C (based on 1106 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00401 - 0.02170), b=3.02 (2.81 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.29 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .