Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Macropharyngodon: Greek, makros = great + Greek, pharyngx = pharynx + Greek,odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range ? - 30 m. Subtropical
Western Indian Ocean: from Zanzibar to Mozambique and Aldabra, Sychelles, Réunion, Mauritius and Maldives, South Africa (Kwa-Zulu-Natal), Chagos Archipelago, southern Oman, Rodrigues, and Yemen.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573)
Inhabits lagoon and sheltered seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Occurs singly or in pairs; females often found in small groups (Ref. 9710). Feeds on invertebrates by picking items from the substratum. Burrows in the sand at the sign of danger (Ref. 5503).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 1978. A revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Macropharyngodon, with descriptions of five new species. Bull. Mar. Sci. 28(4):742-770. (Ref. 2694)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 29.1, mean 27.5 °C (based on 716 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00475 - 0.02106), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 71 [36, 160] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.17 [0.67, 2.17] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.3 [16.5, 21.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.246 [0.138, 0.452] g/100g ; Selenium = 13.5 [6.8, 28.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 77.1 [22.0, 302.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.46 [0.90, 2.75] mg/100g (wet weight);