Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 15 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, including Madagascar, Seychelles, and Mauritius to the south coast of India and Sri Lanka. Absent from the Red Sea (probably replaced by Scarus fuscopurpureus) and Persian Gulf. Presence in Somalia to be confirmed (Ref. 30573). Eastern Indian Ocean: Similan Island, Thailand (Ref. 9710).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710); max. published weight: 1.1 kg (Ref. 3488)
Inhabits shallow coastal reefs (Ref. 9710) and outer reef slopes at depths of 6-15 m (Ref. 90102). Feeds on algae by grazing on sand or coral rubble (Ref. 9710). Wary and usually found singly (Ref. 9710). Often seen in markets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Bruce, R.W. and J.E. Randall, 1984. Scaridae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. (Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51). volume 3. [var. pag.] FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3488)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.7 - 29.3, mean 28.3 °C (based on 845 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00687 - 0.03186), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 33.2 [21.8, 52.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.764 [0.528, 1.107] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.7, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.0889 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.6 [13.5, 32.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22.1 [6.9, 70.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.18 [1.59, 2.88] mg/100g (wet weight);