Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Bodianinae
Etymology: Choerodon: Greek, choiros = a pig + odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); referrring to the prominent anterior canines of the species in this genus (Ref. 116605).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 40 m (Ref. 86942), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific: Philippines, Queensland, Australia to New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5525)
soft rays: 10. Body with about 5 to 7 complete broad dusky bands. A distinct dark spot centered on lateral line along dusky band below fifth or sixth dorsal-fin spine. Adults with second prominent anterior canine approximately 1/2 the size of the first, directed mostly dorsally. (Ref 9823)
Adults inhabit lagoon and seaward reefs, usually on rubble and sand bottoms (Ref. 9710) at depths greater than 20 m. Solitary. Feed mainly on hard-shelled prey including crustaceans, mollusks and sea urchins. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Relatively common and easily approached (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Westneat, M.W., 2001. Labridae. Wrasses, hogfishes, razorfishes, corises, tuskfishes. p. 3381-3467. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9823)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.5 - 26.6, mean 26.1 °C (based on 42 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00704 - 0.04094), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 37 [21, 64] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.436 [0.249, 0.808] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.0, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.135 [0.083, 0.214] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.7 [17.3, 61.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 97.1 [26.1, 377.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1 [1, 2] mg/100g (wet weight);