Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 6 - 80 m (Ref. 9334), usually 6 - 20 m (Ref. 6852). Tropical; 33°N - 18°S
Eastern Pacific: northern Gulf of California to northern Peru, including the Galapagos and Cocos islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59088)
Adults inhabit coral or rocky reefs (Ref. 9334). They aggregate in large numbers in open water above reefs and feed on zooplankton. Not strongly territorial as other damselfishes in the area. They become almost invisible in the darkness of deep water except for its brilliant post-dorsal white spot which gives the illusion of glowing in the dark. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.2 - 28.5, mean 25.9 °C (based on 40 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00747 - 0.02550), b=3.06 (2.90 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 80.4 [46.8, 152.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.874 [0.551, 1.342] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.9, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.175 [0.110, 0.272] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.4 [14.4, 50.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 180 [73, 447] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.44 [1.01, 2.05] mg/100g (wet weight);