Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Chrysochir: Greek, chrysos = golden + Greek, cheir = hand (Ref. 45335). More on author: Richardson.
The species Nibea acuta (Tang, 1937) is considered as valid in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Jul. 2010: Ref. 84883) according to Chen et al. (1997: Ref. 68524).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-Pacific: southeast India and Sri Lanka to southern China (Kwang-tung).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772); common length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772)
Inhabits shallow coastal waters (Ref. 9772). Feeds on small crustaceans. Marketed fresh as well as dried salted (Ref. 3490).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sasaki, K., 2001. Sciaenidae. Croakers (drums). p.3117-3174. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). Rome, FAO. pp. 2791-3380. (Ref. 9772)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.8 - 29.1, mean 28.3 °C (based on 1272 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00513 - 0.01288), b=3.13 (2.99 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 234 [116, 453] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.992 [0.579, 1.841] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.1 [15.8, 18.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.323 [0.127, 0.722] g/100g ; Selenium = 59.9 [25.6, 138.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 33.2 [10.1, 105.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.93 [1.20, 3.07] mg/100g (wet weight);