Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sillaginidae
Etymology: Sillago: From a locality in Australia . More on author: Whitley.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; non-migratory; depth range - 10 m (Ref. 6205), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 8°S - 30°S, 110°E - 157°E (Ref. 6205)
Western Central Pacific: northern Australia, from Shark Bay, Western Australia to Moreton Bay, Queensland. Also known from the southern coast of New Guinea. Sillago nierstraszi is almost certainly a synonym of this species.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6205); common length : 35.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9679)
soft rays: 14 - 17;
Vertebrae: 33 - 34. The shape of the swim bladder is not distinguishable from that of S. ciliata. The anterior part of the swim bladder has rudimentary tubules projecting anteriorly and a lateral series, that diminishes in size and becoming sawtooth-like, projecting posteriorly. Body is light silvery, slightly darker to dusky dorsally. A dull golden silver to golden yellow stripe is below the lateral line. The pelvic and anal fins are pale yellow to bright yellow; the pectoral fin has a darker dusting of fine black-brown spots.
Juveniles of this species, together with those of S. schomburgkii remain in warm waters of the shallow mangrove creek shorelines and protected inlets. Mature S. analis prefer the muddy, tidal streams. The preferred prey are crustaceans. They also rummage in the silty-sand substrates for worms and have been observed to 'plough' up the bottom with the snout (Ref. 6205). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McKay, R.J., 1992. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 14. Sillaginid fishes of the world (family Sillaginidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the sillago, smelt or Indo-Pacific whiting species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(14):87p. (Ref. 6205)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: likely future use
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 28.7, mean 27.8 °C (based on 560 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00364 - 0.01988), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .