Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiinae
Etymology: Acanthistius: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, istion = sail (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 83528). Subtropical; 25°S - 36°S, 22°E - 35°E (Ref. 56293)
Southeast Atlantic: Namibia to East London, South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4319)
(total): 11 - 13;
soft rays: 7 - 8. Head and body with small orange spots and few scattered dark brown blotches; caudal and anal fins dark grey, pelvic fins dusky yellow (Ref. 4319). Lower GR with 4-6 rudiments.
Occurs frequently among rocks in depths of 1 to at least 20 m (Ref. 4319). Commonly caught by anglers (Ref. 4319). Flesh excellent (Ref. 4319).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1986. Serranidae. p. 509-537. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4319)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16.2 - 26.3, mean 22.1 (based on 119 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00428 - 0.02445), b=2.98 (2.78 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .