Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Alburninae
Etymology: Alburnus: From the city of Al Bura, where the fish was known (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 42°N - 40°N, 20°E - 22°E
Europe: Lakes Prespa in Albania, Greece and Macedonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.6 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27728); 22.0 cm FL (female); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 58416)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosed from its congeners in Europe by having the following characters: 30-38 gill rakers; anal fin origin about 1-2½ scales behind base of last dorsal ray; 48-58 + 3 lateral line scales; anal fin with 12-15½ branched rays; ventral keel exposed for 2-5 scales in front of anus; caudal peduncle depth 2.0-2.1 times in its length (Ref. 59043).
A short-lived species which occurs in lakes and water courses on low plains, with little current. Adults feed on invertebrates and plants (Ref. 26100). Also feed on plankton. Form large schools during foraging. Represent the main prey of the breeding Dalmatian pelicans Pelecanus crispus. Spawn in tributaries and along shores on pebbles and gravel in surf zone. Undertake migration to spawning sites in tributaries at night (Ref. 59043). Threatened by water abstraction and the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.29 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 2.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=8; K=0.11).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .