Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Alburninae
Etymology: Alburnus: From the city of Al Bura, where the fish was known (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic. Temperate; 10°C - 20°C (Ref. 2059)
Europe and Asia: Western and southern Caspian basin, from Kuma to Artek drainages.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 59043)
Vertebrae: 37 - 41. Diagnosed from congeners in Caspian and Black Sea basins by the following characters: origin of anal fin below branched dorsal rays 4-5; lateral line with 38-43 + 3 scales; anal fin with 11-16½ branched rays; 16-25 gill rakers; ventral keel exposed or partly or completely scales; body deep, depth 25-32% SL, markedly laterally compressed; caudal peduncle depth 1.7-2.1 times in its length (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits water bodies with slow to fast current, preferring places with slow current. Abundant in middle and lower parts of large rivers and their tributaries, reservoirs and swampy creeks; also in brackish water at river mouths, in estuaries and coastal lakes. Frequently schools in upper water layers. Feeds on plankton, insect larvae, and seeds. Spawns in shallow water at depth of 0.1-0.5 m. Lays sticky eggs, 1.4 mm in diameter, on submerged plants, rarely on pebbles (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawns 1-2 times during its life. Deposits sticky eggs, 1.4 mm in diameter, on submerged plants, rarely on pebbles (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00379 - 0.01151), b=3.12 (2.97 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3; Assuming Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .