Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189). Tropical; 4°S - 29°S, 50°W - 35°W (Ref. 189)
Southwest Atlantic: Brazil, from Ceará to Santa Catarina. Occurrence north of Brazil needs verification.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 6.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97037); common length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189)
soft rays: 192 - 22. Snout moderate, about 1/2 eye or a little more; maxilla moderate, tip not sharply pointed, not or only just reaching hind border of pre-operculum; gill cover canals of walkeri-type. Anal fairly short, its origin under about midpoint of dorsal fin base. Anus nearer to pelvic fin tips than to anal fin origin. Silver stripe along flank, about 1/2 eye diameter or a little more.
A schooling species occurring in coastal waters. Recorded in salinities of 7.94-31.31 ppt in the Santa Cruz canal, Pernambuco, Brazil. More data needed based on correct identifications.
Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00469 - 0.01410), b=3.13 (2.99 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.24 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .