Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Austroglossus: Composed from Austro = the south + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335). More on author: Kaup.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 400 m (Ref. 5304), usually 10 - 120 m (Ref. 3200). Subtropical; 25°S - 36°S, 17°E - 33°E
Southeast Atlantic: known only from the Cape to Natal in South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3505); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. )
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits mud bottoms (Ref. 27121). Feeds on small benthic invertebrates and small fish (Ref. 27121).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C. and O. Gon, 1986. Soleidae. p. 868-874. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3200)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.2 - 26.4, mean 19.7 (based on 196 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00182 - 0.00548), b=3.16 (3.00 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.63 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 3.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.34-0.38).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .