Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Bodianinae
Etymology: Bodianus: Bodianus after Bodiano or Pudiano, from the Portuguese pudor, meaning modesty (Jordan & Evermann, 1896).; pulchellus: Name pulchellus, derived fro, a Latin diminutive meaning 'pretty'; in reference to the attractive coloration of this species (Ref. 75973). More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 120 m (Ref. 9710), usually 15 - 24 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 29°N - 7°N
Western Atlantic: South Carolina, USA and Bermuda to Honduras and Santa Catarina, Brazil (Ref. 57756). Eastern Atlantic: São Tomé Island (Ref. 34088).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9626); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3726)
Adults inhabit coral and rocky reefs, rarely at depths greater than 24 m (Ref. 9710). Feed on crabs and small shellfish (Ref. 3726). Juveniles pick parasites from other fishes (Ref. 9710). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). May hybridize with Spanish hogfish, B. rufus (Ref. 40096). Marketed fresh (Ref. 3726).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Gomon, M.F., 2006. A revision of the labrid fish genus Bodianus with descriptions of eight new species. Rec. Aust. Mus. Suppl. 30:1-133. (Ref. 75973)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.4 - 28, mean 26.8 °C (based on 70 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00719 - 0.02105), b=3.06 (2.91 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.48 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 57.2 [35.8, 104.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.614 [0.360, 1.034] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.0, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.15 [0.10, 0.22] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.4 [20.3, 54.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 101 [36, 310] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.46 [1.04, 2.58] mg/100g (wet weight);