Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Ceratiidae
Etymology: Ceratias: Greek, keras = horn or horned, refers to the lure projecting from the snout (Ref. 86949).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 400 - 4400 m (Ref. 74511), usually 400 - 2000 m (Ref. 37729). Deep-water; 67°N - 45°S, 180°W - 180°E
Circumglobal: In tropical to temperate waters. Adults (expatriates ?) found in boreal and subarctic waters. South China Sea and East China Sea (Ref.74511).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7463); 120.0 cm TL (female); common length :77 cm TL (female)
Maximum size observed for free living males is 1.3 cm (Ref. 10524). Males are parasitic, females oviparous with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36494). Eggs are presumably contained in floating gelatinous rafts (Ref. 36494). Minimum depth from Ref. 037729.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1990. Ceratiidae. p. 510-512. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4494)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2 - 9.7, mean 3.8 °C (based on 7133 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6875 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) .