Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.8 - 7.8; dH range: ? - 20; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 13614)
Africa: known from Niger, Volta, Senegal, Gambia, Comoé, Bandama (Ref. 2801, 2940, 81282), Mono, Ouémé (Ref. 2940, 81282) and Cross (Ref. 51193, 81639) basins.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 5.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2940)
soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: mouth subterminal; two pairs of unequal barbels, anterior pair reaching to posterior half of eye, posterior pair extending to opercle; lateral line complete and weekly depressed below dorsal fin; 27-31 lateral line scales; 4.5 scales between lateral line and origin of dorsal fin; 4.5 scales between lateral line and mid-belly; 2.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic fin insertion; 12 scales around caudal peduncle; last simple ray of dorsal fin flexible and smooth; 8 branched dorsal fin rays (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639); 4 gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639), 2 on upper limb (Ref. 2940, 81282). 2 round spots beneath dorsal fin, 3 elongated spots on posterior part of body (Ref. 81639). Some of the spots may be subdivided or coalesced on posterior part of body; specimens from Upper Niger sometimes with irregular black band; maximum size observed 71 mm (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Maximum TL was recorded at 10 cm (Ref. 2801).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lévêque, C. and J. Daget, 1984. Cyprinidae. p. 217-342. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 2801)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00556 - 0.02722), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .