Family Lebiasinidae - Pencilfishes
  Order
:
Lebiasinidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 7 | Species : 77 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
many
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
There is no recent review of this family. There are 56 described species in two subfamilies and six genera, with several species yet to be described. In size they range from miniatures, Nannostomus anduzei and Pyrrhulina vittata, to medium sizes to 150 mm SL in the Lebiasininae. All species have a rather elongate, cylindrical body shape with fairly large scales, 18 to 35 in a longitudinal series. The laterosensory canal system on the body is reduced, to seven scales, or absent. An adipose fin may be present or absent. The anal fin is short-based with up to 13 rays and the males of most species have well developed anal fins specialized for courtship and breeding. The frontal/parietal fontanel is always absent, the cheek is well covered by the orbital and opercular bones, there is no supraoccipital crest and the scales of the dorsal body begin over the parietal bones. In his study of the phylogenetic relationships of the family Ctenoluciidae, Vari (1995: 35-36) included comments on the monophyly of the Lebiasinidae and listed three characters taken from Weitzman (1964) that he considered to be synapomorphies for the family: 1) absence of the supraorbital bone, 2) lack of a metapterygoid-quadrate fenestra, and 3) reduction of the laterosensory canal system on the body. Members of this family are found in Central America in Costa Rica and Panama and in all countries of South America except Chile. Most species are found in quiet clear or black water streams from sea level to about 250 meters elevation, always in fresh water. Some species of the Lebiasininae occur in much higher elevations, to over 1000 meters. Many of the species in the Pyrrhulininae, especially the pencilfishes, Nannnostomus, are important aquarium fishes. Suggested new common name for this family from Ref. 58418.
  Etymology
:
Greek, lebias, -ou = a kind of fish ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
mixed
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Otomorpha | Ostariophysi | | Otophysa | | | | | | Characiphysae | Characiformes | Characoidei | | Lebiasinidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Lebiasinidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Lebiasininae
Lebiasina bimaculata Valenciennes, 1847
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina multimaculata Boulenger, 1911
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina intermedia Meinken, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina uruyensis Fernández-Yépez, 1967
acceptedseniororiginal
! Lebiasina uryuyensis Fernández-Yépez, 1967
synonymseniororiginal
Lebiasina floridablancaensis Ardila Rodríguez, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina provenzanoi Ardila Rodríguez, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina yuruaniensis Ardila Rodríguez, 2000
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina chucuriensis Ardila Rodríguez, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina narinensis Ardila Rodríguez, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina taphorni Ardila Rodríguez, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina colombia Ardila Rodríguez, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina ortegai Ardila Rodríguez, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina chocoensis Ardila Rodríguez, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina yepezi Netto-Ferreira, Oyakawa, Zuanon & Nolasco, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina marilynae Netto-Ferreira, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina melanoguttata Netto-Ferreira, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina minuta Netto-Ferreira, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina ardilai Netto-Ferraira, Lopez-Fernandez, Taphorn & Liverpool, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal
Piabucina erythrinoides Valenciennes, 1850
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina erythrinoides (Valenciennes, 1850)
synonymseniornew
Piabucina unitaeniata Günther, 1864
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina unitaeniata (Günther, 1864)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
! Piabucina pnamensis Gill, 1877
synonymseniororiginal
Piabucina elongata Boulenger, 1887
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina elongata (Boulenger, 1887)
synonymseniornew
Piabucina festae Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina festae (Boulenger, 1899)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina astrigata (Regan, 1903)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina aureoguttata (Fowler, 1911)
synonymseniornew
Piabucina boruca Bussing, 1967
acceptedseniororiginal
Lebiasina boruca (Bussing, 1967)
synonymseniornew
Derhamia hoffmannorum Géry & Zarske, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal
Pyrrhulininae
Pyrrhulina filamentosa Valenciennes, 1847
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina laeta (Cope, 1872)
acceptedseniornew
Holotaxis laetus Cope, 1872
synonymseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina brevis Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina brevis brevis Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniorchange in rank
Pyrrhulina semifasciata Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina maxima Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889
acceptedseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina australis Eigenmann & Kennedy, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal
! Pyrrhulina australe Eigenmann & Kennedy, 1903
synonymseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina macrolepis Ahl & Schindler, 1937
synonymjuniororiginal
Pyrrhulina vittata Regan, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina lugubris Eigenmann, 1922
acceptedseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina beni Pearson, 1924
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
! Pyrrhulina rachoviata Myers, 1926
synonymseniororiginal
! Pyrrhulina rachowiana Myers, 1926
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina stoli Boeseman, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina spilota Weitzman, 1960
acceptedseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina zigzag Zarske & Géry, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina elongata Zarske & Géry, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina marilynae Netto-Ferreira & Marinho, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannostomus beckfordi Günther, 1872
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannostomus anomalus Steindachner, 1876
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannostomus simplex Eigenmann, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannostomus eques Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal
Poecilobrycon eques (Steindachner, 1876)
synonymseniornew
Poecilobrycon auratus Eigenmann, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannostomus trifasciatus Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Poecilobrycon erythrurus (non Eigenmann, 1909)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Nannostomus unifasciatus Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal
Poecilobrycon ocellatus Eigenmann, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannostomus erythrurus (Eigenmann, 1909)
acceptedseniornew
Poecilobrycon erythrurus Eigenmann, 1909
synonymseniororiginal
Nannostomus harrisoni (Eigenmann, 1909)
acceptedseniornew
Poecilobrycon harrisoni Eigenmann, 1909
synonymseniororiginal
Archicheir minutus Eigenmann, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannostomus marginatus Eigenmann, 1909
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Nannostomus minimus Eigenmann, 1909
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannostomus digrammus (Fowler, 1913)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannostomus espei (Meinken, 1956)
acceptedseniornew
Poecilobrycon espei Meinken, 1956
synonymseniororiginal
Nannostomus marilynae Weitzman & Cobb, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal
! Nannostomus marylinae Weitzman & Cobb, 1975
synonymseniororiginal
Nannostomus britskii Weitzman, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannostomus limatus Weitzman, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannostomus nitidus Weitzman, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannostomus anduzei Fernandez & Weitzman, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannostomus mortenthaleri Paepke & Arendt, 2001
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannostomus grandis Zarske, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Copeina guttata (Steindachner, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Pyrrhulina guttata Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Copeina osgoodi Eigenmann, 1922
acceptedseniororiginal
Copella compta (Myers, 1927)
acceptedseniornew
Copeina compta Myers, 1927
synonymseniororiginal
Copella nattereri (Steindachner, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Pyrrhulina nattereri Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniororiginal
Copeina callolepis Regan, 1912
synonymjuniororiginal
Copella callolepis (Regan, 1912)
synonymjuniornew
Copella arnoldi (Regan, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
Copeina arnoldi Regan, 1912
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Copella eigenmanni (Regan, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
Copeina eigenmanni Regan, 1912
synonymseniororiginal
Copella metae (Eigenmann, 1914)
acceptedseniornew
Copeina metae Eigenmann, 1914
synonymseniororiginal
Pyrrhulina metae (Eigenmann, 1914)
synonymseniornew
Copella nigrofasciata (Meinken, 1952)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Copella vilmae Géry, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal
Copella meinkeni Zarske & Géry, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal
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