Family Embiotocidae - Surfperches
  Order
:
Embiotocidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 13 | Species : 25 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Peripheral/diadromous
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary     Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: North Pacific, coastal, rarely in freshwater. Dorsal fin with 6-11 spines, except in Hysterocarpus traski (15-19); soft rays 9-28. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 15-35. Scales cycloid. Lateral line with generally 35-75 scales. Forked caudal fin. Viviparous. Intromission by the male is aided by the thickened anterior of anal fin. Embryos may rely on connections to maternal tissue for developmental requirements. About 45 cm maximum length, reported for Rhacochilus toxotes.
  Etymology
:
Greek, embios = persistent, for the whole life + [gr, tokos, -ou], birth ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | | | incertae | | | Embiotocidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Embiotocidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal
! Embiotoca jacksonii Agassiz, 1853
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Embiotoca cassidyi Girard, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal
Embiotoca webbi Girard, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz, 1854
acceptedseniororiginal
Ditrema laterale (Agassiz, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Taeniotoca lateralis (Agassiz, 1854)
synonymseniornew
! Phanerodon cateralis (Agassiz, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Holconotus agassizi Gibbons, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal
Embiotoca lineata Girard, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal
Embiotoca ornata Girard, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Sema signifer Jordan, 1878
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Ditrema temminckii Bleeker, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal
! Ditrema temmincki Bleeker, 1853
synonymseniororiginal
Ditrema laeve Günther, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal
Ditrema smitti Nyström, 1887
synonymjuniororiginal
Ditrema jordani (non Franz, 1910)
misappliedmisappliedchange in rank
Ditrema jordani Franz, 1910
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
Ditrema temmincki (non Bleeker, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Ditrema viride Oshima, 1940
acceptedseniororiginal
! Ditrema viridis Oshima, 1940
synonymseniororiginal
Ditrema temminckii pacificum Katafuchi & Nakabo, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Micrometrus pacificus (Katafuchi & Nakabo, 2007)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
ambiguousotheroriginal
Amphistichus rhodoterus (Agassiz, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
Holconotus rhodoterus Agassiz, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
! Cymatogaster larkinsis Gibbons, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Amphistichus koelzi (Hubbs, 1933)
acceptedseniornew
Crossochir koelzi Hubbs, 1933
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
! Cymatogaster aggregatus Gibbons, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
ambiguousotheroriginal
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hyperprosopon argenteus Gibbons, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
Hyperprosopon ellipticum (Gibbons, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Hyperprosopon anale Agassiz, 1861
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hyperprosopon analis Agassiz, 1861
synonymseniororiginal
Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons, 1854
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
! Hysterocarpus traski Gibbons, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Dacentrus lucens Jordan, 1878
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Micrometrus minimus (Gibbons, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
Cymatogaster minimus Gibbons, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
! Holconotus trowbridgei Girard, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal
Micrometrus aurora (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Abeona aurora Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal
Amphigonopterus aurora (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
synonymseniornew
Phanerodon furcatus Girard, 1854
acceptedseniororiginal
Phanerodon atripes (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Ditrema atripes Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal
Ditrema orthonotus Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhacochilus toxotes Agassiz, 1854
acceptedseniororiginal
Rhacochilus vacca (Girard, 1855)
acceptedseniornew
Damalichthys vacca Girard, 1855
synonymseniororiginal
Ditrema vacca (Girard, 1855)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
Hypsurus caryi (Agassiz, 1853)
acceptedseniornew
Embiotoca caryi Agassiz, 1853
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Ditrema brevipinne Günther, 1862
synonymjuniororiginal
Brachyistius brevipinnis (Günther, 1862)
synonymjuniornew
Brachyistius aletes (Tarp, 1952)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Neoditrema ransonnetii Steindachner, 1883
acceptedseniororiginal
! Neoditrema ransonneti Steindachner, 1883
synonymseniororiginal
! Neoditrema ransonnetti Steindachner, 1883
synonymseniororiginal
Zalembius rosaceus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Cymatogaster rosaceus Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal
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