Family Rhinidae - Wedgefishes
  Order
:
Rhinidae
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 3 | Species : 10 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
  Aquarium
:
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Indo-Pacific and Atlantic Ocean (1-2 spp). Primarily marine with one Rhina in freshwater. Mostly found in warm temperate to tropical inshore continental seas and rarely deeper than 400 m.

Habitat: Strong swimmers and bottom-dwellers that rest rather than burrow on muddy or sandy bottoms.

Diet: Feed on benthic invertebrates amd small bottom-dwelling fishes.

Use: Sought after for their meat and highly valued large fins that has led to overfishing and population decline in some areas. Popular in public aquaria. Caught mainly as bycatch by trawls, gill and tangle nets and longlines.

Morphology: Wedgefishes are shark-like rays, the size of which is medium to large (0.7-3.1 m TL as adults and weigh at least 227 kg). It has a variably depressed trunk, weakly formed disc, a head either thickened and broadly domed, or flattened wedge-shaped or rounded; pectoral fins are triangular and joined with the body behind eye level; long and narrow nostrils, usually lie oblique to a small horizontal mouth with rounded oval teeth that lack distinct cusps; anterior nasal flaps poorly developed and do not form a nasal curtain; spiracles large with 0-3 skin folds along the hind margin; robust tail slightly longer than the disc; upright dorsal fins 2, first above the pelvic fins; a well-developed bilobed caudal fin with strongly concave posterior margin; pelvic fins moderately sized, angular and not divided inlto 2 lobes; skin with minute denticles and there is a variably developed series of thorns alon ghte dorsal mid-line, and usually 2-3 short serires on each shoulder; dorsal surface mainly yellowish to greyish brown and white ventrally; often with rows of white spots and ocelli, and often with a black blotch on each pectoral fin (pectoral marking) that is variably surrounded by white spots (generally obvious in young); undersurface of the snout can have a blackish marking.

Genera: Rhina, Rhynchobatus, Rhynchorhina.

  Etymology
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  Reproductive guild
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  Typical activity level
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  Main Ref
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  Coordinator
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  Deep Fin Classification
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Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Rhinidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Rhynchorhina mauritaniensis Séret & Naylor, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal
Rhininae
Rhina ancylostoma Bloch & Schneider, 1801
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhina ancylostomus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
! Rhina anclyostoma Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
! Squatina ancyclostoma (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Rhina cyclostomus Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhynchobatinae
Rhynchobatus laevis (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Rhinobatus laevis Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Rhynchobatus djiddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Raja djiddensis Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
Rhinobatus djiddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhinchobatus djiddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhynchobatis djiddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhynchobatus djeddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhynchobatus djiddenis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhynchobatus djidensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhyncobatis djeddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhyncobatus djeddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhyncobatus djiddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Rhinobatus maculata Ehrenberg, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhynchobatus luebberti Ehrenbaum, 1915
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhynchobatus lubberti Ehrenbaum, 1915
synonymseniororiginal
! Rhynchobatus lubertii Ehrenbaum, 1915
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhynchobatus djiddensis (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
Rhynchobatus palpebratus Compagno & Last, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Rhynchobatus springeri Compagno & Last, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal
Rhynchobatus sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
! Rhynchobatus immaculatus Last, ho & Chen, 2013
provisionally acceptseniororiginal
Rhynchobatus cooki Last, Kyne & Compagno, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal
Rhynchobatus sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Rhynchobatus compagnoi Last & Kyne, 2016
synonymotherother
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