Family Lamnidae - Mackerel sharks or white shark
  Order
:
Lamnidae
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 3 | Species : 5 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Cretaceous    
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Global. Primarily in the upper part of the water column over the continental shelves and open ocean (Ref. 119696). Morphology: Large sharks with pointed snouts and spindle-shaped bodies. Large gill openings. First dorsal fin large, high, erect and angular or somewhat rounded. Second dorsal and anal fins minute. Caudal peduncle with a distinct keel; large teeth; fifth gill opening in front of pectoral fin; spiracle sometimes absent. Food: Fast swimming predators; some are maneaters. Reproduction: Ovoviviparous, embryos feeding on yolk sac and other ova produced by the mother (Ref. 50449). Litters of 1-17 or more live pups (In the uterus, developing lamnid shark embryos are nourished by a yolk-sac initially, but once that is exhausted they consume fertilized and unfertilized eggs entering from the oviduct (Ref. 119696). Maximum length up to 6.4 m or more. Maximum age: at least 27 years (Ref. 119696).
  Etymology
:
Greek, lamna, -es = shark ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
active
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Lamnidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
acceptedseniornew
Squalus nasus Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymseniororiginal
! Lanna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
synonymseniornew
Squalus cornubicus Gmelin, 1789
synonymjuniororiginal
Lamna cornubica (Gmelin, 1789)
synonymjuniornew
Squalus pennanti Walbaum, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal
Lamna pennanti (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymjuniornew
Squalus monensis Shaw, 1804
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus cornubiensis Pennant, 1812
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus selanonus Leach, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal
Selanonius walkeri Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal
Lamna punctata Storer, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
Oxyrhina daekayi Gill, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal
Lamna philippii Pérez Canto, 1886
synonymjuniororiginal
Lamna whitleyi Phillipps, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus glaucus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947
acceptedseniororiginal
Isurus nasus (non Bonnaterre, 1788)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lamna cornubica (non Gmelin, 1789)
misappliedmisappliednew
Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
acceptedseniororiginal
! Isurus oxyrhinchus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
! Isurus oxyrhincus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
! Isurus oxyrhynchus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
Isurus spallanzani Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus cepedii Lesson, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal
Isurus cepedii (Lesson, 1831)
synonymjuniornew
Lamna oxyrhina Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal
Oxyrhina gomphodon Müller & Henle, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
Oxyrhina glauca Müller & Henle, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
Isuropsis glaucus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
synonymjuniornew
Isurus glaucus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
ambiguoushomonymnew
Lamna glauca (Müller & Henle, 1839)
synonymjuniornew
Lamna latro Owen, 1853
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Isuropsis dekayi Gill, 1862
synonymjuniororiginal
Carcharias tigris Atwood, 1869
synonymjuniororiginal
Isurus tigris (Atwood, 1869)
synonymjuniornew
Lamna guentheri Murray, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal
Isurus guentheri (Murray, 1884)
synonymjuniornew
Lamna huidobrii Philippi, 1887
synonymjuniororiginal
Isurus mako Whitley, 1929
synonymjuniororiginal
Isuropsis mako (Whitley, 1929)
synonymjuniornew
Isurus bideni Phillipps, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Isurus africanus Smith, 1957
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Lamna punctata (non Storer, 1839)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Isurus paucus (non Guitart Manday, 1966)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Isurus paucus Guitart, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal
Lamiostoma belyaevi Glückman, 1964
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Isurus alatus Garrick, 1967
synonymjuniororiginal
Isurus oxyrinchus (non Rafinesque, 1810)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Squalus lamia Blainville, 1816
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Squalus lamia Blainville, 1825
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Squalus carcharias Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Carharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Squalus caninus Osbeck, 1765
synonymjuniororiginal
Carcharias lamia Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Carcharias verus Cloquet, 1817
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus vulgaris Richardson, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal
Carcharias vulgaris (Richardson, 1836)
synonymjuniornew
Carcharodon smithii Agassiz, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal
Carcharodon smithi Bonaparte, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal
Carcharodon rondeletii Müller & Henle, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Carcharias atwoodi Storer, 1848
synonymjuniororiginal
Carcharias vorax Owen, 1853
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Carcharias maso Morris, 1898
synonymjuniororiginal
Carcharodon albimors Whitley, 1939
synonymjuniororiginal
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