Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; cornigera: From the Latin adjective 'corniger', meaning 'who has hornes', in reference to the horn like tubercles on the proboscis of the species. An adjective.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Sanalok River, Chindwin basin in Manipur, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 117240)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 34. Garra cornigera is distinguished from other species of Garra in the Chindwin-Irrawaddy drainage, except G. bispinosa, in having a bilobed proboscis (vs. unilobed in G. litanensis, G. rotundinasus and G. qiaojiensis; or incipient in G. elongata and G. gravelyi). It differs from G. bispinosa in having fewer lateral line scales (33 vs. 34-35), fewer circumpeduncular scales (14 vs. 16), fewer transverse scale rows above and more below lateral line scales (3 1/2 vs. 4 and 3 1/2 vs. 2 1/2-3) (Ref. 117240).
Occurs in medium to fast flowing clear hill stream with gravel bottom and lush green algal bloom (Ref. 117240).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Shangningam, B. and W. Vishwanath, 2015. Two new species of Garra from the Chindwin basin, India (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 26(3):263-272. (Ref. 117240)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00295 - 0.01623), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .