Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Auchenipteridae
(Driftwood catfishes) > Centromochlinae
Etymology: Gelanoglanis: Greek, gelanes, -es, -es = happy, smiling + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: 4.0 - 5.0. Tropical
South America: Asisa River basin in Orinoco drainage and Negro River basin.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37098)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 8;
Vertebrae: 31. First lepidotrichia of rayed dorsal and pectoral fins present as flexible, unbranched fin rays lacking serrations; structure of adult-male anal fin (seven proximal radials present, two posterior-most smaller than anterior ones); adipose fin absent or, if present, a long, low fin fold; and putative smaller maximum adult body size (1.5-2.2 cm SL).
Nocturnally active, inhabiting open waters of black-water streams and rivers. Taken near the surface in or near the main channels of rivers with moderate flow. The stomach contents of one specimen taken from the Rio Asisa include adult dipterans, including one whole individual of Sciaridae and large wing fragment of a Ceratopogonidae. Matures at 1.5-2.2 cm SL.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Soares-Porto, L.M., S.J. Walsh, L.G. Nico and J.M. Netto, 1999. A new species of Gelanoglanis from the Orinoco and Amazon river basins, with comments on miniaturization within the genus (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae: Centromochlinae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 10(1):63-72. (Ref. 32901)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00198 - 0.01669), b=3.02 (2.77 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .