Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 40°N - 6°N, 111°E - 142°E
Northwest Pacific: southern Hokkaido southward (except the Ryukyu Islands) to Japan, Taiwan and the East China Sea.
39Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 39 - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
Inhabits rocky reefs in coastal areas (Ref. 9137). Juveniles associate with drifting seaweed (Ref. 12114, 12115).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Yagishita, N. and T. Nakabo, 2000. Revision of the genus Girella (Girellidae) from East Asia. Ichthyol. Res. 47(2):119-135. (Ref. 36349)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.2 - 26.7, mean 22.4 (based on 243 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00890 - 0.02956), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.31 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=13; k=0.99).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .